18th-Century

Anthropology

Buffon's ape
Buffon
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17TH C. ALBINUS READINGS SEMINAR GLOSSARY
ANTHRO CAMPER BUFFON DAUBENTON ROUSSEAU

Eighteenth-Century “Science of Man”

Georges de Buffon (1707-1788)

Georges Buffon, Variétés dans l’espèce humaine, Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, avec la description du Cabinet du Roy (Paris: L’Imprimerie royale, 1749), t. 3, pp. 371-530.

Georges Buffon, “Of the Varieties in the Human Species,” Barr’s Buffon. Buffon’s Natural History Containing A Theory Of The Earth, A General History Of Man, Of The Brute Creation, And Of Vegetables, Minerals, Etc. (London: T. Gillet, 1807), vol. 4 (of 10), pp. 190-352. Transcribed by Miriam C. Meijer. Translated by BARR.

pp. 190-209Lapps
pp. 210-229Tartars
pp. 230-249Chinese
pp. 250-269Malays
pp. 270-289Persians
pp. 290-309Europeans
pp. 310-329Africans
pp. 330-352Americans
Buffon's hypothesisand conclusions

Georges Buffon, “Of the Varieties of the Human Species,” Natural History: General and Particular (8 volumes, 1781). Transcribed by Fran Moran. Translated by William SMELLIE.

Georges Buffon, “Discours sur le style”. Discours prononcé; à l’acadèmie française par M. de Buffon le jour de sa reception le 25 aôut 1753.

Petrus Camper (1722-1789)

Petrus Camper’s “On the Origin and Color of Blacks,” De Rhapsodist 2 (1772): 373-394. Translated by Miriam Claude MEIJER. “Petrus Camper on the Origin and Color of Blacks,” History of Anthropology Newsletter 24 (December 1997): 3-9.

“Zusatz zu der vorhergehenden Abhandlung aus einem Schreiben an die Naturforschende Gesellschaft von Petrus Camper,” Schriften der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 7 (1787): 197-226. “On the Absurdity of the Supposed Unicorns.” Supplement to the Preceding Treatise from a Letter to the Naturforschende Gesellschaft from Petrus Camper. Translated by Miriam Claude MEIJER.

Petrus Camper, “On the Best Form of Shoe,” translated from Dutch into English by James Dowie, The Foot and Its Covering (London: Hardwicke, 1861): xxvii-44.

Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton (1716-1800)

L.-J.-M. Daubenton, “Essay on the Differences of the Position of the Occipital Foramen in Man and in Animals,” Histoire de l’Académie Royale des Sciences avec les Mémoires de Mathématique & de Physique (Paris) (1764): 568-579. Translated by Miriam Claude MEIJER.

Julien Offray de La Mettrie (1709-1751)

J. O. de La Mettrie, Man a Machine (1748). Translation in Man a Machine (La Salle, Illinois: Open Court Publishing Co., 1912).

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

Discours sur l’Origine et les Fondements de l'Inégalité parmi les Hommes l’édition de 1755.
A Discourse Upon The Origin and Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind 1761 anonymously-translated English publication preserved all of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's original footnotes.

Secondary Sources

Zemplén Áron Gábor, Goethean Science–Recent Topoi of Goethe Scholarship

Timothy Mason, History of Anthropology

Glossary of 18th-century anthropological concepts

Miriam Claude Meijer, Misunderstanding Natives in the Seventeenth Century

Ashton Nichols, A Romantic Natural History

Nell Irvin Painter, Why White People Are Called "Caucasians"

Michael Sappol, Dream Anatomy Exhibit

Internet Modern History Sourcebook

Eighteenth-Century Resources

C18-L

book@petruscamper.com

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