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Buffon on the Varieties of the Human Species,
by Miriam Claude Meijer, Ph.D.
Marble bust of Buffon by Augustin Pajou (1776)

© Marble bust of Buffon
by Augustin Pajou (1776).
Bibliothèque centrale,
Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle,
Paris, France

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: Historiography of Buffon’s Essay
  2. Original French 1749 Text of «Variétés dans l’espèce humaine» with New Unabridged American Translation*
  3. Up from the Cosmic Fall: Buffon’s Human Prototype
  4. Rhetoric of the Classical Six Non-Naturals Regimen
  5. Mysteries of the Missing: Prehistoric Extinctions
  6. Aesthetics in Buffon’s Science of Race
  7. Anthropology Seen Through Eighteenth-Century Lenses
Endnotes
Plates: Composition of Maps Known to Buffon
Buffon’s Travel Sources
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

* The eighteenth-century English translator, J.S. Barr, left out a lot of words and all of the footnotes. He occasionally made mistakes: incorrect words or incorrect translation of an entire phrase.


The Descendants of Adam: Enlightenment Anthropology,
by Miriam Claude Meijer, Ph.D.

Table of Contents

In 1666 Sir Isaac Newton used a glass prism to refract white light at different angles according to wave length. He saw a rainbow of colors, which he passed through a second prism to re-form white light. He concluded that white light is a mixture of all the colors of the visible spectrum.
  1. Adam and Eve
  2. Genesis: Epigenesis, Degeneration, Monogenism.
  3. Monism: Cartesianism, Passions, Nerves.
  4. Angles: Optic, Occipital, Facial.
  5. Metamorphoses: Primate, Physiognomical, Aging.
  6. Venus: Classical, Earthly, Hottentot.
  7. Paradise Moved

Petrus Camper on Women

On the Moral Education of Children

child by Camper Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#21)
Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#23)
Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#25)
Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#26)
Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#28)
Vermeer "Raising Happy Children" (#29)
Vermeer "On Daughters" (#31)
shoe "French Boarding Schools" (#33)
shoe "On Religion" (#34)
shoe "On Humanitarianism" (#35)

Empiricism and Natural Philosophy by Petrus Camper,
translated into English by Jacob van Sluis, Ph.D. and Miriam Claude Meijer, Ph.D.

New unabridged translations of Petrus Camper’s essays into American English.

Table of Contents

  1. “Biography of Petrus Camper” (1791) by his son, Adriaan Gilles Camper, trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
  2. “On the Best World” (#137), trans. by Van Sluis from Latin into English
  3. “Introduction to Philosophy” (#137), trans. by Van Sluis from Latin into English
  4. “On Certainty in Medicine” (#4), trans. by Van Sluis from Latin into English
  5. “On the Remarkable Analogy between Plantshoots and Animals” (#17), trans. by Van Sluis from Latin into English
  6. “Oration on Beauty” (ms.), trans. by Van Sluis from Latin into English
  7. “On the Excellence of Mankind over all other Animals” (ms.), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
  8. “On the Folly of Most Natural History Amateurs to be Satisfied with the Division in Classes and Genera and the Absurdity which Lies in Linnaeus’s System” (#27), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
  9. “Investigation on Whether the Art of Judging Human Character from Exterior Appearance Could be Further Perfected” (#47), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
  10. “Facial Angle” (#118), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
  11. “On the Points of Similarity between the Human Species, Quadrupeds, Birds, and Fish; with Rules for Drawing, founded on this Similarity” (#119a), trans. by Meijer from Latin into English
  12. “On the Passions” (#119b), trans. by Meijer from Latin into English
  13. “On Physical Beauty” (#119c), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English plus graphics
  14. “On the Best Form of Shoe” (#92), trans. by Meijer from Dutch into English
bust of Petrus Camper

Authors

click to openJacob van Sluis

click to openMiriam Claude Meijer

book@petruscamper.com

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