18th-Century Primary TextsCamper's facial angle in full face
ANTHRO CAMPER BUFFON DAUBENTON ROUSSEAU
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Petrus Camper (1722-1789)

click to openCamper, Petrus. “On the Origin and Color of Blacks,” De Rhapsodist 2 (1772): 373-394. “Petrus Camper on the Origin and Color of Blacks,” History of Anthropology Newsletter 24 (December 1997): 3-9. Translated from the Dutch into English by Miriam Claude Meijer.

click to openCamper, Petrus. “Zusatz zu der vorhergehenden Abhandlung aus einem Schreiben an die Naturforschende Gesellschaft von Petrus Camper,” Schriften der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 7 (1787): 197-226. “On the Absurdity of the Supposed Unicorns.” Supplement to the Preceding Treatise from a Letter to the Naturforschende Gesellschaft from Petrus Camper. Translated from the German into English by Miriam Claude Meijer.

click to openCamper, Petrus. “On the Best Form of Shoe,” James Dowie, The Foot and Its Covering (London: Hardwicke, 1861): xxvii-44. Translated from Dutch into English by James Dowie.

Georges de Buffon (1707-1788)

click to openGeorges Buffon, “Variétés dans l’espèce humaine,” Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, avec la description du Cabinet du Roy (Paris: L’Imprimerie royale, 1749), t. 3, pp. 371-530.

click to openGeorges Buffon, “Of the Varieties in the Human Species,” Barr’s Buffon. Buffon’s Natural History Containing A Theory Of The Earth, A General History Of Man, Of The Brute Creation, And Of Vegetables, Minerals, Etc. (London: T. Gillet, 1807), vol. 4 (of 10), pp. 190-352. Transcribed by Miriam C. Meijer. Translated by BARR.

p. 191 Lapps
p. 200 Tartars
p. 206 Chinese
p. 256 Europeans
p. 271 Africans
p. 308 Americans
Buffon’s hypothesis and conclusions

click to openGeorges Buffon, “Of the Varieties of the Human Species,” Natural History: General and Particular (8 volumes, 1781). Transcribed by Fran Moran. Translated by William SMELLIE.

click to openGeorges Buffon, “Discours sur le style. Discours prononcé; à l'acadèmie française par M. de Buffon le jour de sa reception le 25 aôut 1753”

Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton (1716-1800)

click to openL.-J.-M. Daubenton, “Essay on the Differences of the Position of the Occipital Foramen in Man and in Animals,” Histoire de l’Académie Royale des Sciences avec les Mémoires de Mathématique & de Physique (Paris) (1764): 568-579. Translated by Miriam Claude MEIJER.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

click to openJ.-J. Rousseau, Discours sur l’Origine et les Fondements de l’Inégalité parmi les Hommes (1755).

click to openJ.-J. Rousseau, A Discourse Upon The Origin and Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind (1761) anonymously-translated English publication preserved all of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's original footnotes.

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