18th-Century Anthropology

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17TH C.







Adams, Percy G.
Travelers and Travel Liars 1660-1800. New York: Dover, 1980.
Adorno, Rolena.
“Arms, Letters, and the Native Historian in Early Colonial Mexico,” 1492-1992: Re/Discovering Colonial Writing. Ed. René Jara and Nicholas Spadaccini. Minneapolis: The Prisma Institute, 1989, pp. 201-224.
“African-American Culture in the Eighteenth Century,”
Eighteenth-Century Studies 27 (1994): 527-692. A Special Issue.
Auroux, S.
“Linguistique et anthropologie en France (1600-1900),” Histoires de l’anthropologie (XVle-XIXe siècles), ed. Britta Rupp-Eisenreich. Paris: Klincksieck, 1984, pp. 291-318.
Baker, John R.
Race. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Banton, Michael.
The Idea of Race. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1979.
Barnes, J. A.
“Anthropology in Britain before and after Darwin,” Mankind 5 (1960): 369-385.
Barzun, Jacques.
Race: A Study in Modern Superstition. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1937.
Bastide, Roger.
“Color, Racism, and Christianity,” Daedalus 96 (1967): 312-327.
Baudet, Henri.
Paradise on Earth: Some Thoughts on European Images of Non-European Man. Trans. Elizabeth Wentholt. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1988.
Begley, Sharon.
“Three is Not Enough: Surprising New Lessons from the Controversial Science of Race.” Newsweek (February 13, 1995): 67-69.
Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr.
The White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.
Bernheimer, Richard.
Wild Men in the Middle Ages: A Study in Art, Sentiment, and Demonology. New York: Octagon, 1979.
Bitterli, Urs.
Cultures in Conflict: Encounters Between European and Non-European Cultures, 1492-1800. Trans. Ritchie Robertson. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989.
Blakely, Allison.
Blacks in the Dutch World: The Evolution of Racial Imagery in a Modern Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
Blanckaert, Claude.
“L’Anthropologie en France, le mot et l’histoire (XVle-XIXe siècle),” Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 1 (1989): 13-43.
“L’ethnographie de la decadence. Culture morale et mort des races (17-19 s.),” Gradhiva 11 (1992): 47-66.
“On the Origins of French Ethnology: William Edwards and the Doctrine of Race,” Bones, Bodies, Behavior: Essays on Biological Anthropology, ed. George W. Stocking, Jr. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988): 18-55. History of Anthropology, vol. 5.
“Story et history de l’ethnologie,” Revue de synthèse 109 (1988): 451-467.
Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich.
The Anthropological Treatises of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach. Ed. and trans. Thomas Bendyshe. Boston: Milford House, 1973.
Bodi, Leslie.
“Georg Forster: The Pacific Expert of Eighteenth-Century Germany,” Historical Studies Australia and New Zealand 8 (1959): 345-363.
Bodin, Jean.
Method for the Easy Comprehension of History. Trans. Beatrice Reynolds. New York: Octagon Books, Inc., 1966, Chapter 5.
Boogaart, Ernst van den.
“Colour Prejudice and the Yardstick of Civility: the Initial Dutch Confrontation with Black Africans, 1590-1635,” Racism and Colonialism, ed. Robert Ross. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1982, pp. 33-54.
Boon, James A.
“Comparative De-enlightenment: Paradox and Limits in the History of Ethnology,” Daedalus 109 (1980): 73-91. Counterargument to the efforts to “justify” Renaissance interest in other cultures as a precursor of Enlightenment ethnography.
Brace, C. Loring.
“The Roots of the Race Concept in American Physical Anthropology,” A History of American Physical Anthropology: 1930-1980, ed. Frank Spencer, 11-29. New York: Academie Press, 1982.
Broberg, Gunnar.
Homo sapiens: Linnaeus’s classification of man,” Linnaeus: the Man and His Work, ed. Tore Frangsmyr, 156-194. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.
Broce, Gerald Lloyd.
“Herder and Ethnography,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 22 (1986): 150-170.
History of Anthropology. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Company, 1973.
Bryson, Gladys.
“The Emergence of the Social Sciences from Moral Philosophy,” International Journal of Ethics 42 (1932): 304-323.
Buchanan, Michelle.
“Savages, Noble and Otherwise, and the French Enlightenment,” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 15 (1986): 97-109.
Bugner, Ladislas, ed.
The Image of the Black in Western Art. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1989.
     Vol. 1, From the Pharaohs to the Fall of the Roman Empire.
     Vol. 2, From the Early Christian Era to the “Age of Discovery.”
          Part 1, From the Demonic Threat to the Incarnation of Sainthood.
          Part 2, Africans in the Christian Ordinance of the World.
     Vol. 3, Africa and Europe: Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century.
     Vol. 4, From the American Revolution to World War I.
          Part 1, Slaves and Liberators.
          Part 2, Black Models and White Myths - Hugh Honour.
Burrus, Ernest J.
“The Impact of New World Discovery Upon European Thought of Man,” No Man is Alien: Essays on the Unity of Mankind, ed. J. Robert Nelson, 85-108. Leiden: Brill, 1971.
Burrow, J. W.
Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory. Cambridge University Press, 1974.
Cameron, Nigel.
Barbarians and Mandarins: Thirteen Centuries of Western Travelers in China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
Campbell, Mary B.
The Witness and the Other World: Exotic European Travel Writing. 400-l600. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988. Columbus discovers Paradise.
Chiappelli, Fredi, ed.
First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976. Vol. 1-2.
Clendinnen, Inga.
“Fierce and Unnatural Cruelty: Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico,” Representations 33 (1991): 65-100.
Cohen, William B.
The French Encounter with Africans: White Response to Blacks, 1530-1880. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980.
Cohn, Bernard S.
“History and Anthropology: The State of Play,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 22 (1980): 198-221.
Cole, R. G.
“Sixteenth-Century Travel Books as a Source of European Attitudes Toward Non-white and Non-western Culture,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 116 (1972): 59-67.
Cose, Ellis.
“One Drop of Bloody History: Americans Have Always Defined Themselves on the Basis of Race,” Newsweek (February 13, 1995): 70-72.
Cro, Stelio.
The Noble Savage: Allegory of Freedom. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Lavrier University Press, 1990.
Cunningham, J. D.
“Anthropology in the Eighteenth Century,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 38 (1908): 10-35.
Curtin, Philip D.
The Image of America: British Ideas and Action 1780-1850. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1964.
Dabydeen, David.
Hogarth’s Blacks: Images of Blacks in Eighteenth-Century English Art. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987.
Darnell, Regna.
“History of Anthropology in Historical Perspective,” Annual Review of Anthropology 6 (1977): 399-417.
Darnell, Regna.
“The History of Cultural Anthropology: Two Views,” Reviews in Anthropology 2 (1975): 118-125.
Darnell, Regna, ed.
Readings in the History of Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
Davis, David Brion.
The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1969.
Slavery and Human Progress. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
De Dampierre, E.
“Note sur ‘Culture’ et “Civilisation’,” Comparative Studies in Society and History3 (1961): 328-340.
Defert, Daniel.
“The Collection of the World: Accounts of Voyages from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries,” Dialectical Anthropology 7 (1982): 11-20.
De Laguna, Frederica.
“The Development of Anthropology,” Selected Papers from the “American Anthropologist,” 1888-1920, ed. Frederica de Laguana, 91-104. Evanston, Illinois: Row, Peterson and Col, 1960.
Doggett, Rachel, ed.
New World of Wonders: European Images of the Americas, 1492-1700. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1992.
Douthwaite, Julia.
“Rewriting the Savage: The Extraordinary Fictions of the Wild Girl of Champagne.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 28 (1994): 163-192.
Dudley, Edward J. and Maimillian E. Novak, eds.
The Wild Man Within: An Image of Western Thought from the Renaissance to Romanticism. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1973.
Dunmore, John.
French Explorers in the Pacific. Oxford, 1965. Vol. 1: The Eighteenth Century.
Dunston, Alfred, Jr.
The Black Man in the Old Testament and Its World. Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1974.
Durân, Diego.
The Aztecs: The History of the Indies of New Spain. Trans. D. Heyden and F. Horcasitas. New York, 1964.
Dykes, Eva Beatrice.
The Negro in English Romantic Thought or a Study of Sympathy for the Oppressed. Washington, DC: The Associated Publishers, 1942.
Elliott, John H.
“Discovery of America and the Discovery of Man,” Proceedings of the British Academy 58 (1972): 101-125.
“Renaissance Europe and America: A Blunted Impact?” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old. Ed. Fredi Chiappelli. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976, vol. 1, pp. 11-23.
Fairchild, Hoxie Neale.
The Noble Savage: A Study in Romantic Naturalism. New York: Russell and Russell, 1961.
Febvre, Lucien.
Le problème de l’incroyance au XVIe siècle, trans. in English in 1982 (1942, 1968), p. 386, the new lands and peoples abroad registered little impact on the 16th-17th centuries.
Feuser, Willfried.
“The Image of the Black in the Writings of Johann Gottfried Herder,” Journal of European Studies 8 (1978): 109-128.
Fishman, Walda K. and I. Weiner,
“A History of the Concept of Race,” Science for the People 14 (1982): 6-33.
Frank, Ross.
“The Codex Cortés: Inscribing the Conquest of Mexico,” Dispositio 14 (1989): 187-211.
Frantz, Charles.
“The Analysis of Anthropological Ideas in Historical Perspective: A New Approach,” Reviews in Anthropology 4 (1977): 25-33. Review of J. Honigmann’s “The Development of Anthropological Ideas.”
Friedman, John Block.
The Monstrous Races in Medieval Art and Thought. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.
Frost, Alan.
“The Pacific Ocean: The Eighteenth Century’s New World,” Studies on Voltaire 152 (1976): 779-822.
Fugate, Joe K.
The Psychological Basis of Herder’s Aesthetics. The Hague: Mouton, 1966.
Furet, François.
“L’histoire et l’homme sauvage,” Historien entre l’ethnologie et le futurologie (Paris, 1971): 231-237.
“History and Primitive Man,” The Historian Between Ethnologist and the Futurologist, eds. Jerome Dymoulin and Dominique Moisi. Paris, 1973.
Furniss, Tom.
Edmund Burke’s Aesthetic Ideology: Language. Gender and Political Economy in Revolution. Cambridge University Press.
Gage, John.
Color and Culture: Practice and Meaning from Antiquity to Abstraction. Bulfinch, 1993. How our understanding of color emerges from the cultural environment rather than from the mechanics of vision.
George, Katherine.
“The Civilized West Looks at Primitive Africa: 1400-1800: A Study in Ethnocentrism,” Isis 49 (1958): 62-72.
Gilman, Sander L.
On Blackness without Blacks: Essays on the Image of the Black in Germany. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982.
Glacken, Clarence J.
Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century. Classical sources about environmentalism discussed.
Glass, Bentley.
“Eighteenth Century Concepts of the Origin of the Species,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 104 (1960): 227-234.
Glass, Bentley, Owsei Temkin, William L. Straus, Jr., eds.
Forerunners of Darwin. 1745-1859. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968.
Goldstein, Thomas.
“Impulses of Italian Renaissance Culture behind the Age of Discoveries,” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old, ed. Fredi Chiappelli, vol. 1, pp. 27-35. University of California Press, 1976.
Gordon, Rosemary.
Stereotype of Imagery and Belief as an Ego Defence. British Journal of Psychology Monograph 34. Cambridge: University Press, 1962.
Gossett, Thomas F.
Race: The History of an Idea in America. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1963. Stocking review in JHBS 1 (1965): 294-6.
Gossiaux, Pol-Pierre.
“Anthropologie des Lumières, Culture ‘naturelle’ et racisme rituel,” L’Homme des Lumières et la découverte de l’autre, eds. Daniel Droixhe and Pol-Pierre Gossiaux, 49-69. Bruxelle: éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 1985.
Gould, Stephen Jay.
The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.
“Curveball.” The New Yorker (November 28, 1994): 139-149. Book review (and critique) of The Bell Curve.
Greenblatt, Stephen.
Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Greene, John C.
The Death of Adam: Evolution and Its Impact on Western Thought. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1959.
“The Kuhnian Paradigm and the Darwinian Revolution in Natural History,” Paradigms and Revolutions: Applications and Appraisals of Thomas Kuhn’s Philosophy of Science. Ed. Gary Gutting. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1980, pp. 297-321.
Gusdorf, Georges.
“For a History of the Science of Man,” Diogenes 17 (1957): 74-97.
Guy, Basil.
The French Image of China Before and After Voltaire. Geneva: Institut et Musee Voltaire, 1963. Vol. 21. Ed. Theodore Besterman. Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century.
Haber, Francis C.
The Age of the World: Moses to Darwin. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1959.
Haddon, Alfred C.
History of Anthropology. London: Watts, 1934. Believed that the primary roots of anthropology were in biology and that anthropological inquiry had therefore a long history before anthropology became a professional discipline.
Haller, John S.
“Concepts of Race Inferiority in Nineteenth-Century Anthropology,” Journal of the History Med. All. Science 1970 (25): 40-51.
Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859-1900. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.
“The Species Problem: Nineteenth-Century Concepts of Racial Inferiority in the Origin of Man Controversy,” American Anthropologist 72 (1970): 1319-1329.
Hammond, D. and A. Jbalow.
The Africa that Never Was. New York: 1970.
Hanke, Lewis.
Aristotle and the American Indians: A Study in Race Prejudice in the Modem World. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975.
“The Theological Significance of the Discovery of America,” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old, ed. Fredi Chiappelli, vol. 1, pp. 363-389. University of California Press, 1976.
Harris, Marvin.
The Rise of Anthropological Theory: A History of Theories of Culture. New York: Harper and Row, 1968.
Hatch, Elvin.
Culture and Morality: The Relativity of Values in Anthropology. New York, 1983.
Hays, Hoffman Reynolds.
From Ape to Angel: An Informal History of Social Anthropology. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1958.
Heine-Geldern, Robert,
“One Hundred Years of Ethnological Theory in the German-Speaking Countries: Sorne Milestones,” Current Anthropology 5 (1964): 407-418.
Henle, R. J.
“A Philosopher’s Interpretations of Anthropolgy’s Contribution to the Understanding of Man,” Anthropological Quarterly 32 (1959): 22-40.
Henschen, Folke.
The Human Skull: A Cultural History. New York: Praeger, 1966.
Heyl, J. D.
“Paradigms in Social Science,” Society 12 (1975): 61-67.
Hirsch, Elisabeth Feist.
“The Discoveries and the Humanists,” Merchants and Scholars: Essays in the History of Exploration and Trade, ed. John Parker, 35-46. Minneapolis: University of Minn. Press, 1965.
Hoare, M. E.
“‘Cook the Discoverer:’ An Essay by Georg Forster, 1787.” Records of the Australian Academy of Science 1 (1969): 7-16.
Hodgen, Margaret T.
Early Anthropology in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1964. An effort to ‘justify’ Renaissance interest in other cultures as a precursor of Enlightenment ethnography.
Holland, R. I.
European Decolonization. 1918-1981: An Introductory Survey. New York, 1985.
Holt, Thomas C.
“Marking: Race, Race-making, and the Writing of History,” American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1-20.
Honigmann, John Joseph.
The Development of Anthropological Ideas. Homewood, Il.: Dorsey Press, 1976.
Honigsheim, Paul.
“The American Indian in the Philosophy of the English and French Enlightenment,” Osiris 10 (1952): 91-108.
Honour, Hugh.
“The Vision of Cathay,” Chinoiserie: The Vision of Cathay. London: John Murray, 1961, chapter 1.
The New Golden Land: European Images of America from the Discoveries to the Present Time. New York: Pantheon, 1975.
Hourani, Albert.
Islam in European Thought. Cambridge University Press: 1991.
Huddleston, Lee Eldridge.
Origins of the American Indians. European Concepts. 1492-1729. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967.
Hulse, F. S.
“Habits, Habitats, and Heredity: A Brief History of Studies in Human Plasticity,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 56 (1981): 495-50l.
Hume, David.
“Of National Characters,” The Philosophical Works of David Hume, eds. T. H. Green and T. H. Grose (1882), vol. 3, pp. 244-254. Part is reprinted in The Enlightenment: A Comprehensive Anthology, ed. Peter Gay, 525-534. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1973.
Hunter, William B.
“The Seventeenth-Century Doctrine of Plastic Nature,” Harvard Theological Review 43 (1950): 197-213.
Hunting, Claudine.
“The Philosophes and the Question of Black Slavery, 1748-1765.” Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (1978): 405-418.
Hyatt, Marshall.
“The Struggle for Racial Equality,” and “The Confrontation with Nativism,” Franz Boas: Social Activist: The Dynamics of Ethnicity, chapters 5-6. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.
Hymes, Dell.
“On Studying the History of Anthropology,” Readings in the History of Anthropology, 297-303. Ed. Regna Darnell. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
Isaac, Ephraim.
“Genesis, Judaism and the ‘Sons of Ham,’” Slavery & Abolition 1 (1980): 3-17.
Itard, Jean-Marc-Gaspard.
The Wild Boy of Aveyron. Trans. George and Muriel Humphrey. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1962.
Jacobs, Wilbur R.
“The Fatal Confrontation: Early Native-White Relations on the Frontiers of Australia, New Guinea, and America — A Comparative Study,” Pacific Historical Review 40 (1971): 283-309.
Jacobs, Wilbur R.
“The Indian and the Frontier in American History — A Need for Revision,” Western Historical Quarterly 4 (1973): 43-56.
Janson, Horst Woldemar.
Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. London: Warburg Institute, 1952.
Jardine, N., J. A. Secord, and E. C. Spary, eds.
Cultures of Natural History. Sixteenth-nineteenth centuries. “The Science of Man” by P. B. Wood and “Travelling the Other Way” by G. Beer.
Jarvie, I. C.
“Recent Work in the History of Anthropology and Its Historiographic Problems,” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (1989): 345-375.
Johnson, Hildegard Binder.
“New Geographical Horizons: Concepts,” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old, ed. Fredi Chiappelli, vol. II, 615-633. University of California Press, 1976.
Jones, Eldred D.
The Elizabethan Image of America. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1971.
Jones, Howard Mumford.
0 Strange New World: American Culture: The Formative Years. New York, 1964. Includes a treatment of the early mass of reports and stories in Europe.
Jordan, Winthrop D.
White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro. 1550-1812. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.
Kabbani, Rana.
Europe’s Myths of Orient. 1985.
Kaufmann, Lynn Frier.
The Noble Savage: Satyrs and Satyr Families in Renaissance Art. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1984.
Keen, Benjamin.
The Aztec Image in Western Thought. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
Knight, David M.
Ordering the World: A History of Classifying Man. London: Burnett, 1981. A history of taxonomy.
Kroeber, A. L.
“History of Anthropology Thought,” Yearbook of Anthropology, ed. W. L. Thomas. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation, 1955.
Kunst, Hans-Joachim.
The African in European Art. Bad Godesberg: Internationes, 1967.
Kuntz, Marion and Paul, eds.
Jacob’s Ladder and the Tree of Life: Concepts of Hierarchy and the Great Chain of Being. New York: Peter Lang, 1987.
Kuper, Adam.
“Anthropologists and the History of Anthropology,” Critique of Anthropology 11 (1991): 125-142.
Lach, Donald F.
Asia in the Making of Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965. Vol. I. “The Century of Discovery.”
Asia in the Making of Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970. Vol. II. “A Century of Wonder.”
Lach, Donald F. and Edwin J. Van Kley.
Asia in the Making of Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. Vol. III. “A Century of Advance.”
Lang, G. O.
“Theoretical Methods and Approaches to the Understanding of Man,” Anthropological Quarterly 32 (1959): 41-66.
Mann, Gunter and Franz Dumont, eds.
Die Natur des Menschen. Probleme der Physicschen Anthropologie und Rassenkunde (1750-1850). Stuttgart, New York: Gustav Fischer, 1990. Soemmerring-Forschungen VI.
Manuel, Frank E.
The Eighteenth Century Confronts the Gods. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.
Marshall, P. J. and Glyndwr Williams.
The Great Map of Mankind: Perceptions of New Worlds in the Age of Enlightenment. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Martin, Peter.
Schwarze Teufel. Edele Mohren. Hamburg: Junius Verlag. Vols. 1-2.
Mason, Peter.
“Exoticism in the Enlightenment,” Anthropos 86 (1991): 167-174.
Meek, Ronald L.
Social Science and The Ignoble Savage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.
Mercier, Paul.
Histoire de l’anthropologie. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1966.
Mercier, Roger.
“Image de l’autre et image de soi-même dans le discours ethnologique au XVIIIe siècle,” Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 154 (1976): 1417-1435.
Métraux, Alfred.
“Les précurseurs de l’ethnologie en France du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle,” Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale 7 (1963): 721-738.
Michael, Colette Verger Michael.
“Condorcet and the Inherent Contradiction in the American Affirmation of Natural Rights and Slaveholding,” Transactions of the Fifth International Congress on the Enlightenment 191 (1980): 768-774.
Montagu, M. F. Ashley.
Edward Tyson. M.D. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1943.
Montagu, M.F. Ashley, ed.
Frontiers of Anthropology. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1974.
Montagu, M. F. Ashley.
Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. New York: Harper, 1952.
Moravia, Sergio.
“The Enlightenment and the Sciences of Man,” History of Science 18 (1980): 247-268.
Morganthau, Tom.
“What Color is Black?” Newsweek (February 13, 1995): 63-65.
Mosedale, Susan S.
“Science Corrupted: Victorian Biologists Consider The Woman Question,” Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1978): 1-55.
Mulvaney, D. J.
“The Australian Aborigines 1606-1929: Opinion and Fieldwork,” Historical Studies: Australia and New Zealand 8 (1958): 131-151 and 297-314.
Musgrave, Marion.
“Herder, Blacks, and the ‘Negeridyllen:’ A Study in Ambivalent Humanitarianism,” Studia Africana 1 (1977).
Myres, John L.
The Influence of Anthropology on the Course of Political Science. Berkeley, 1916.
“’Man’ in the Eighteenth Century,” Man 51 (1951): 26-27.
Nederveen Pieterse, Jan.
White On Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western Popular Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
Obeyesekere, Gananath.
The Apotheosis of Captain Cook: European Mythmaking in the Pacific. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Odom, Herbert H.
“Generalization on Race in Nineteenth-Century Physical Anthropology,” Isis 58 (1967): 5-18.
Olsen, Richard.
The Emergence of the Social Sciences. 1642-1792. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1993.
Pagden, Anthony.
European Encounters with the New World: From Renaissance to Romanticism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.
The Fall of Natural Man: The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Pagliaro, Harold E., ed.
Racism in the Eighteenth Century. Cleveland: Western Reserve Press, 1973. Vol. III.
Parry, John H.
“A Secular Sense of Responsibility,” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old, ed. Fredi Chiappelli, vol. l, 287-304. University of California Press, 1976.
Patrides, C. A.
“Renaissance Ideas on Man’s Upright Form,” Journal of the History of Ideas 19 (1958): 256-258.
Pearson, Karl and Nettleship and Usher.
A Monograph on Albinism in Man. London: Dulau, 1911.
Penniman, Thomas K.
A Hundred Years of Anthropology. New York: William Morrow, 1974.
Pepper, G. B.
“Anthropology, Science or Humanity?” Anthropological Quarterly 34 (1960): 150-157.
Percival, W. K.
“The Applicability of Kuhn’s Paradigms to the History of Linguistics,” Language 52 (1976): 285-294.
Poirier, Jean.
Histoire de l’ethnologie. Paris: PUF, 1974.
Poliakov, Léon.
The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalist Ideas in Europe. Trans. Edmund Howard. New York: Basic Books, 1974.
Popkin, Richard H.
“The Philosophical Basis of Eighteenth-Century Racism,” Racism in the Eighteenth Century, ed. Harold E. Pagliaro, vol. III, 245-262. Cleveland: Western Reserve, 1973.
“The Philosophical Bases of Modern Racism,” The High Road to Pyrrhonism, 79-102. San Diego: Austin Hill Press, 1980.
Proctor, Robert.
“From Anthropologie to Rassenkunde in the German Anthropological Tradition,” Bones, Bodies, Behavior: Essays on Biological Anthropology. Ed. George W. Stocking, Jr. History of Anthropology 5 (1988): 138-179.
Quinn, David B.
“New Geographical Horizons: Literature,” First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on the Old, ed. Fredi Chiappelli, vol. III, 635-658. University of Califomia Press, 1976.
Regis, Pamela.
“Jefferson and the Department of Man,” Describing Early America: Bartram, Jefferson, Crèvecoeur and the Rhetoric of Natural History, 79-105. DeKalb: University of Northern Illinois Press, 1992.
Richards, Evelleen.
“A Political Anatomy of Monsters, Hopeful and Otherwise: Teratogeny, Transcendentalism, and Evolutionary Theorizing.” Isis 85 (1994): 377-411.
Rondinelli, Robert.
“An Historical Review of Racial Studies in Physical Anthropology from a Kuhnian Perspective,” Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society 6 (1974): 49-69.
Rossi, Paolo.
The Dark Abyss of Time: The History of the Barth and the History of Nations from Hooke to Vico. Trans. Lydia G. Cochrane. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Rousseau, Jean Jacques and Johann G. Herder.
On the Origin of Language. Trans. John H. Moran and Alexander Gode. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1966.
Rousseau, Philip.
“Structure and Event in Anthropology and History,” New Zealand Journal of History 9 (1975): 22-40.
Rowe, John Howland.
“Ethnography and Ethnology in the Sixteenth Century,” Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers 30 (1964): 1-19.
“The Renaissance Foundations of Anthropology,” American Anthropologist 67 (1965): 1-20.
Ryan, Michael T.
“Assimilating New Worlds in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 23 (1981): 519-538.
Said, Edward W.
Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1979.
Saint-Amand, Pierre.
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Schoolsman, Ellis, ed.
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